Zhoukoudian Peking Man Site: Journey to the Stone Age!

Zhoukoudian Peking Man Site


Explore Prehistoric Life at Zhoukoudian Peking Man Site

Imagine a place filled with ancient secrets from long, long ago! The Zhoukoudian Site, also called the “Home of the Peking Man,” is like a time capsule buried in Dragon Bone Hill near Beijing.

It’s where scientists have found bones and tools that are up to 700,000 years old!

This special spot covers a huge area and is packed with cool stuff from the past, including bones from early humans and animals, and even evidence that these ancient people knew how to use fire!

A Journey Through Time

This amazing place has stories from 5 million years ago all the way to 10,000 years ago.

It shows us how humans evolved, from the early Peking Man to the New Cave Man, and then to the more recent Upper Cave Man.

It’s like flipping through the pages of a real-life history book!

Zhoukoudian Peking Man Site


The Big Discovery

Back in 1918, a chemist stumbled upon some mysterious bones glued together with red clay.

Then, a bunch of smart scientists, including a Swedish geologist and an Austrian paleontologist, started digging and found even more cool stuff, like ancient animal bones and old human teeth.

Their discoveries made the world excited to learn about our ancient relatives.

Why It’s So Cool

Zhoukoudian is not just a bunch of old bones and stones; it’s a window into our past.

It helps us understand how humans used to live, how we’ve changed, and how we’ve stayed the same.

It’s a reminder that our planet has a rich history waiting to be explored.

Zhoukoudian Peking Man Site


Zhoukoudian Locality 1: The Peking Man Site

Zhoukoudian Locality 1, also known as the “Peking Man Site,” was situated on Dragon Bone Hill’s northeast slope.

This site, originally a natural limestone cave, is renowned for its discovery of Peking Man’s skull fossils. Surrounded by the North China Plain and nearby mountains, the site features sedimentary layers rich in archaeological significance, divided into 13 strata.

Locality 2: Red Earth Deposit

Locality 2 lies approximately 200 meters northwest of Locality 1, characterized by its north-south orientation and significant red earth deposits with calcareous concretions, dating back to the Middle Pleistocene.

Zhoukoudian Peking Man Site


Locality 3: Fissure Deposit

Locality 3, located at Zhoukoudian’s southeastern end, is an east-west fissure filled with conglomerate rocks, also dating to the Middle Pleistocene, indicating the area’s varied geological formations.

Locality 4: New Cave Man Site

Locality 4, or the “New Cave Man Site,” is found 70 meters from the original “Ape-Man Cave.”

It features a north-south oriented cave with a secondary, interconnected “New Cave,” showcasing living quarters from the late Middle Pleistocene.

Zhoukoudian Peking Man Site


Locality 26: Mountain Top Cave Man Site

Locality 26 is positioned atop Dragon Bone Hill, encompassing living and burial sites with a north-facing entrance, illustrating the complex living arrangements of prehistoric humans in Zhoukoudian.

Archaeological Discoveries

Since 1918, Zhoukoudian has yielded over 200 human fossils and 100,000 stone tools, alongside evidence of fire use and numerous animal fossils.

The stone tools, crafted from quartz veins and other materials, include a variety of implements essential for daily survival and activities.

The site has also revealed an extensive range of large mammal fossils, from giant macaques to hyenas, as well as smaller animals, contributing significantly to our understanding of prehistoric life.

Zhoukoudian Peking Man Site


Ticket Information

  • Adults: 30 Yuan per person.
  • Discounted Tickets: 15 Yuan per person for minors from ages 6 (excluding) to 18 (including), full-time undergraduates, and school students.

Visiting Hours

  • Spring/Summer: 9:00 AM to 4:30 PM (April 1 to October 10; ticket sales end at 4:00 PM).
  • Fall/Winter: 9:00 AM to 4:00 PM (October 11 to March 31; ticket sales end at 3:30 PM).
  • Note: The site is closed on Mondays.

Getting There

By Bus:

  • Route 1: Take Beijing Bus No. 832 (formerly 917) to Liangxiang Beiguan, then transfer to Bus No. 38 to the Zhoukoudian Site.
  • Route 2: Take the Beijing Bus No. 917 Zhangfang Branch to the Zhoukoudian Lukou, then change to Bus No. 38 to reach the site.
  • Route 3: Opt for Beijing Bus No. 616 to Liangxiang Ximen, followed by a transfer to Bus No. 38 directly to the site.
Zhoukoudian Peking Man Site



Q: What happened to the Zhoukoudian site?

A: The Zhoukoudian site suffered significant damage and loss during World War II when many of the original fossil finds were lost during transportation.

Despite these losses, the site remains a critical archaeological location and has been the focus of ongoing excavation, research, and conservation efforts.

It has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site to protect and preserve its value for future generations.

Q: What is the significance of the Zhoukoudian site?

A: The Zhoukoudian site is significant because it is one of the most important prehistoric sites for studying early human life in East Asia.

It provides crucial evidence of Homo erectus pekinensis, commonly known as Peking Man, and offers insights into early human evolution, behavior, and adaptation to environmental changes.


Q: Why was the excavation of Zhoukoudian problematic?

A: The excavation of Zhoukoudian was problematic due to various challenges, including the complex stratigraphy of the site, which made dating and understanding the context of finds difficult.

Additionally, political instability, lack of funding, and the outbreak of World War II hindered research efforts and led to the loss of valuable fossils.

Q: Who discovered the site of Zhoukoudian in China?

A: The site of Zhoukoudian was initially discovered by Johan Gunnar Andersson, a Swedish geologist, in 1921, following the identification of quartz artifacts indicative of human activity.

Q: How was the famous site of Zhoukoudian found?

A: Zhoukoudian was found after local Chinese informants led Johan Gunnar Andersson and his team to the area, where they discovered cave deposits filled with fossilized teeth and bones, along with stone tools, indicating the presence of early human life.

Q: What is the oldest human remains found in China?

A: The oldest human remains found in China include those from the Homo erectus pekinensis, or Peking Man, dating back approximately 750,000 years, discovered at the Zhoukoudian site.

Zhoukoudian Peking Man Site


Q: What is the Zhoukoudian Peking Man Site?

A: The Zhoukoudian Peking Man Site is an archaeological site near Beijing, China, where fossils of Homo erectus pekinensis, known as Peking Man, were discovered.

It has provided valuable insights into early human life, including evidence of the use of fire, tool-making, and social organization.

Q: Who discovered the Zhoukoudian Site and when?

A: The Zhoukoudian Site was discovered by Johan Gunnar Andersson in 1921, marking the beginning of systematic excavations that would unearth significant paleoanthropological finds.

Q: What have been the most significant findings at Zhoukoudian?

A: The most significant findings at Zhoukoudian include the remains of Homo erectus pekinensis, evidence of controlled use of fire, a variety of stone tools, and animal bones with cut marks, all contributing to our understanding of early human life and culture.

Q: How do the discoveries at Zhoukoudian contribute to our understanding of human evolution?

A: The discoveries at Zhoukoudian contribute to our understanding of human evolution by providing evidence of early human behavior, such as tool use, fire control, and dietary habits.

These findings help trace the development of early human societies and their adaptation to changing environments, offering crucial insights into the evolutionary path of Homo sapiens.

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